Summarizing, like paraphrasing, is a way of including other writers’ ideas in your own work by rewriting the original so that it's in your own words. You can use summarizing when you don’t need to provide the same amount of detail as in the original text. A summary is shorter than a paraphrase, as it only contains the main points from the original and leaves out most of the details. Keep the main points, but leave out the rest of the information from the original.
A summary should be cited in the text where you use it and the full reference should be included in the reference section.
When writing your summary you should make sure that it conveys the same information as the original did and has the same meaning. The balance of ideas should be the same in both.
Your summary should also fit in with the rest of your writing; especially the style and grammar should be the same.
Using the passage from ‘The Origin of Species’ 6th Ed. by Charles Darwin, below:
A summary of the passage would be:
Here the summary is significantly shorter than the original, about a quarter of the length. The details have been removed but the two main points from the original have been kept. The language used has been changed and there is a citation at the end to attribute it to the original author.
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